MigraMar has been recording the movements of these ocean giants since 2011. This has allowed us to recognize the great migrations that occur in the Tropical Eastern Pacific. Specifically, movement patterns have been identified from Coiba Island, the Galapagos archipelago and Malpelo Island.
Whale sharks of both sexes and all sizes spread out from their congregating zones in Malpelo and Coiba. However, Galapagos receives the visit of a very specific sector of the population. Each year, between July and October, over 600 female whale sharks, all apparently pregnant, migrate past Darwin to the Equatorial Front, over 1500 kilometers west of Galapagos, and then return to the coasts of Ecuador and the north of Peru.
The movements of this species, and the connectivity shown between Galapagos and Peru, and between Panama, Nicaragua and El Salvador, underline the need to bring these countries into the regional view of joint management of these waters, as well as incorporate groups of scientists from these countries into the MigraMar network.